How did you do with the Reported Speech sentences from the last post? Let’s take a look!
‘I’m going to the gym’ John said to Sally
John said to Sally that he was going to the gym
‘Brian went to the concert yesterday!’ Amy explained
Amy explained to Brian that she had been to the concert the previous day
‘I didn’t really understand the film’ Mike admitted
Mike admitted that he hadn’t really understood the film
‘I’ve never been to Disneyland’ Dan told his friends
Dan told his friends that he had never been to Disneyland
‘I’ll call you when I arrive’ the boy said to his parents
The boy said to his parents that he would call when he arrived
‘John can play the guitar well’ his friends said
John’s friends said that he could/can play the guitar well
Today we are going to talk about conditional sentences! 🙂
What are they?
They are sentences formed by two different clauses: the If clause, which states the condition, and the Main clause, which states the result. There are many types of Conditional sentences in English, but all of them have these two clauses (If and Main clause).
How many types of Conditionals are there?
There are 4 types of Conditional sentences and 2 types of Mixed Conditionals and today we are going to talk about three of them: Zero, First and Second Conditional.
Zero Conditional: ‘If you heat water up to 100º Celsius, it boils’
- We use the Zero Conditional to talk about facts or situations which are very often true.
- Structure: IF + PRESENT SIMPLE + PRESENT SIMPLE
First Conditional: ‘If I study hard I will pass the exam’
- We use the first Conditional to talk about a real possibility in the future
- Structure: IF + PRESENT TENSE (Present Simple/Continuous/Perfect) + FUTURE (Will/going to/might,etc)
Second Conditional: ‘If I were rich, I would buy a mansion’
- We use the second conditional to talk about imaginary, hypothetical or unreal situations in the present or future time.
- Structure: IF + PAST SIMPLE/CONTINUOS + COULD/WOULD + BARE INFINITIVE (infinitive without to)
- Notice how in the second conditional we normally use were in the ‘If Clause’ instead of was
Shall we get some practice? Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one using the word given. Use between 2 and 5 words. Do not change the word given:
I wish I didn’t like chocolate so much so I wouldn’t have weight problems
________________________________ chocolate so much, I wouldn’t have weight problems.
As long as Sally helps me I might manage to finish my report on time.
If Sally helps me _____________________________________ finish my report on time.
My sister and I have so many arguments because we have very strong personalities.
If my sister and I didn’t have such strong personalities, we ________________________ arguments.
I suggest you see a doctor about that cough
If _________________________________ see a doctor about that cough
I promised John I would see him in London in September provided I had enough money.
I’ll visit John in London in September_________________________ money.
Have a lovely week! 🙂